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Books and Teaching Guides

On the history of money

  • Burns, Peggy. Stepping Through History: Money. New York: Thomson Learning, 1995.

On weights and measures

  • Bendick, Jeanne. How Much & How Many: The Story of Weights and Measures. New York: Franklin Watts, 1989.

On Akan weights

  • Garrard, Timothy F. Akan Weights and the Gold Trade. London and New York: Longman Group Limited, 1980.
  • Garrard, Timothy F. Gold of Africa: Jewelry and Ornaments from Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal. Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1989.
  • Nitecki, Andre. Equal Measure for Kings and Commoners: Goldweights of the Akan from the Collections of the Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Canada. Calgary, Canada: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1982.

Electronic Resources

Cutting to the Essence-Shaping for the Fire, (http://www.fa.indiana.edu/~conner/akan/shape.html) is an online exhibit from the Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences in Peoria, Illinois, of Yoruba and Akan art in wood and metal. It provides detailed information about Akan history and the gold trade; how gold is mined, cast, carried, and traded; and explains the symbolism behind some goldweight shapes.

Ghana information from the University of Pennsylvania's African Studies Website: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Country_Specific/Ghana.html

The Mid-Continent Regional Educational Laboratory (MCREL) educational standards are online at http://www.mcrel.org/standards-benchmarks/.

Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum Studies