Carbons to Computers
Historical Timeline 1970-1979
In 1970, women constitute 38% of the labor force and 97.8%
of the secretarial force.
In 1972, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act allows preferential
hiring and promotion of women and minorities (affirmative action).
In 1973, Arab oil-producing nations move to embargo shipments
to the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. The cutoff precipitates
an energy crisis in the industrialized world.
In 1974, AT&T, the largest private employer in the
United States, bans discrimination against homosexuals.
John T. Molloy's Dress for Success is published
in 1975. This is followed by Women's Dress for Success in 1977.
In 1978, Congress passes the Humphrey-Hawkins "full-employment"
bill, setting the goal of reducing unemployment to 4% nationally by 1983.
- Floppy disk introduced for computer data storage
- Dot matrix printers introduced by U.S. Centron
- First pocket calculator, the Pocketronic, introduced
by Texas Instruments. It weighs about 2.5 pounds, costs $150, and can add,
subtract, multiply, and divide
- Lexitron introduces first word-processing system
- Federal Express Company begins operations
- Post-It Notes developed by 3-M engineer Art Fry in response
to a need for bookmarks that do not slip out but are easily removable
- First international fax standard set by United Nations,
allowing facsimile messages to be transmitted at a rate of one page every
- "Electric Pencil," the first word-processing
software package for personal computer, introduced
- IBM introduces laser printer
- Concept for "Workbench" modular office system
designed by Bruce Burdick at Herman Miller to meet the needs of "Knowledge
- Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs form Apple Computer Company
on April Fool's Day
- Paul Allen and William Gates found Microsoft
- First commercial network of cellular telephones set up
in Tokyo, Japan
- First spreadsheet software program, "Visicalc,"
introduced for the Apple II computer
1900-1909 || 1910-1919
|| 1920-1929 || 1930-1939
1950-1959 || 1960-1969 ||
1970-1979 || 1980-1989 ||
This material was generously provided by the Cooper-Hewitt
National Design Museum.
Introduction || Birth and
Growth of the American Office || Office
Office Organization ||
Global Office || Conclusion
Historical Timeline ||
Lesson Plans || Resources
|| Site Contents
Home (text) ||
with any questions or comments
Smithsonian Institution Copyright 1998